Category Archives: Medieval Thought

Bernard of Clairvaux (Great Medieval Thinkers)

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Please enter your e-mail address associated with your Great Courses account. More important were a series of commentaries (one on the Categories, two each on the On Interpretation and on Porphyry's Isagoge, and one on Cicero's Topics) (see Medieval Theories of Categories ), together with several other works on categorical and hypothetical syllogisms, logical “division,” and on the differences between Aristotle's and Cicero's Topics (Chadwick [1981], Gibson [1981], Obertello [1974]).

The Nicomachean Ethics

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Avicenna wrote his famous "Floating Man" thought experiment to demonstrate human self-awareness and the substantiality and immateriality of the soul. For this one world which was left to him - shielded all round by eternal, unwritten laws, floating up and down in the brazen beat of rhythm - shows nowhere persistence, indestructibility, a bulwark in the stream. Undergraduate students can also take advantage of our Departmental Honors Program and our Pre-Law Emphasis.

Continuity and Innovation in Medieval and Modern Philosophy:

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Aawani (Tehran: Iranian Institute of Philosophy, 2013), pp. 239-55. Maimonides [maɪˈmɒnɪdiːz] wrote The Guide of the Perplexed [pəˈplɛkst], which is the most remarkable development of Aristotelian philosophy in harmony [ˈhɑːməni] with Jewish monotheism [ˈmɒnəʊθiːˌɪzm] and had considerable influence on Aquinas [əˈkwaɪnəs]. For instance, the ancient Nyaya school of Hindu philosophy explores logic as some modern Analytic philosophers do; similarly the school of Carvaka was openly atheistical and empirical.

Ancient Philosophy of the Self (The New Synthese Historical

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How do the thirteenth-century logicians describe simple supposition? However, it would surely be an exaggeration to say that the current philosophic interest in the nature of the halakhah is entirely the product of a prior philosophic interest in the nature of Jewish peoplehood. Some of his bold reformulations of Christian doctrine provoked ecclesiastical censure. However, once we try to explain exactly what time is, we are at a loss. �What then is time?

Prophecy: The History of an Idea in Medieval Jewish

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He pointed out that Socrates never became heated in argument and never insulted others, but rather patiently questioned them and often bore insult from them, accepting this end to a quarrel when no other seemed possible. If one has little patience for dense writing on highly technical philosophical subjects, that person should stay away from this book. In medieval writers the two ideas were sometimes combined: after the Fall, 13. If anyone were wise, he would know the answers to these questions.

Questions on the de Anima of Aristotle: By Magister Adam

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A. in History from New York University in 1988. Other philosophers have taken the opposite approach, analyzing every separate piece of evidence and trying to explain it on its own terms. Chase, Michael, “The Medieval Posterity of Simplicius’ Commentary on the Categories: Thomas Aquinas and al-Fârâbî,” in Medieval Commentaries on Aristotle’s Categories, ed. by Lloyd A. Because the literature of witchcraft is so vast, and the complicating factors of the witch's culpability and subsequent prosecu­tion so distracting, Kallendorf chose to focus on demonic possession to the more or less total exclusion of bewitchment.

John Buridan (Great Medieval Thinkers (Paperback))

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The principal contribution to American philosophy in the 19th century was pragmatism, first formulated by Charles Sanders Peirce. Notable Renaissance Platonists include Nicholas of Cusa, and later Marsilio Ficino and Giovanni Pico della Mirandola. This phase cherished the thoughts of Aristotle and Plato. Therefore Binet’s tests had brought psychology out of the laboratory into the real world and Yerkes’ recruit testing put psychology “on the map”.

Ibn Gabirol (Jewish Thinkers)

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He writes, If the [scriptural] Law speaks of it, either it will agree with that which has been proved by inference, or else it will disagree with it. Subsequently, Yerkes found that although the tests had not been successful for the army, he received many requests for them from other quarters. Recent essays have investigated the artifacts of fourteenth-century music pedagogy and music as a metaphor within medieval discourses of financial ethics.

The Art of Conversion: Christianity and Kabbalah in the

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He also developed Averroes' work with Aristotle by turning Aristotle on his head and showing how Aristotle's methods of philosophy were the best means by which to understand God and prove God's existence-- though Aristotle had denied the existence of a creator. Medieval philosophy is characteristically theological. Luther famously wrote that “reason is the devil’s whore.” He held though, that philosophy and reason are a great aid to society when used properly and a threat only when used improperly.

Formalizing Medieval Logical Theories: Suppositio,

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Even then Thomas believed “for the knowledge of any truth whatsoever.........” For Aquinas.................... but also from the teaching of Aristotle himself....... ..................3 PHILOSOPHY OF THE WORLD In determining or defining the relationship of God with the world.. man needs divine help.................................... we know that Aristotle did not admit providence: “the world was in motion toward God. 1) What is the difference between Thomas Aquinas and Aristotle with regard to the theory of knowledge? .........